Music Therapy for Stress & Anxiety

Selected Music Therapy for  Stress & Anxiety References
compiled by Eric B. Miller, Ph.D MT-BC

Baker, F. A., Metcalf, O., Varker, T., & O’Donnell, M. (2018). “A systematic review of the efficacy of creative arts therapies in the treatment of adults with PTSD,” Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy, 10(6), 643–651. (Supplemental)

Chen, X. J., Hannibal, N., Xu, K., & Gold, C. (2014). “Group music therapy for prisoners: Protocol for a randomised controlled trial,” Nordic Journal of Music Therapy, 23(3), 224–241.

de la Torre-Luque, A., Díaz-Piedra, C., & Buela-Casal, G. (2017). “Effects of preferred relaxing music after acute stress exposure: A randomized controlled trial,” Psychology of Music, 45(6), 795–813.

Garcia-Gonzalez, J., Ventura-Miranda, M. I., Requena-Mullor, M., Parron-Carreño, T., & Alarcon-Rodriguez, R. (2018). “State-trait anxiety levels during pregnancy and foetal parameters following intervention with music therapy,” Journal of Affective Disorders, 232, 17–22.

Lazarov, A., Pine, D. S., & Bar-Haim, Y. (2017). “Gaze-contingent music reward therapy for social anxiety disorder: A randomized controlled trial,” The American Journal of Psychiatry, 174(7), 649–656.

Lee, K. S., Jeong, H. C., Yim, J. E., & Jeon, M. Y. (2016). “Effects of music therapy on the cardiovascular and autonomic nervous system in stress-induced university students: A randomized controlled trial,” The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 22(1), 59–65.

Liu, Y.-H., Lee, C. S., Yu, C.-H., & Chen, C.-H. (2016). “Effects of music listening on stress, anxiety, and sleep quality for sleep-disturbed pregnant women,” Women & Health, 56(3), 296–311.

Miller, E. B. (2011). “Bio-Guided Music Therapy for Stress,” In Bio-guided music therapy: A practitioner’s guide to the clinical integration of music and biofeedback (pp. 169-187). London, England: Jessica Kingsley.

Millett, C. R., & Gooding, L. F. (2017). “Comparing active and passive distraction-based music therapy interventions on preoperative anxiety in pediatric patients and their caregivers,” Journal of Music Therapy, 54(4), 460–478.

Pavlov, A., Kameg, K., Cline, T. W., Chiapetta, L., Stark, S., & Mitchell, A. M. (2017). “Music therapy as a nonpharmacological intervention for anxiety in patients with a thought disorder,” Issues in Mental Health Nursing, 38(3), 285–288. Retrieved from

Segall, L. E. (2017). “The effect of a music therapy intervention on inmate levels of executive function and perceived stress: Teaching for transfer.” Dissertation Abstracts International Section A: Humanities and Social Sciences. ProQuest Information & Learning. Retrieved from

Shiranibidabadi, M., & Mehryar, A. (2015). “Music therapy as an adjunct to standard treatment for obsessive compulsive disorder and co-morbid anxiety and depression: A randomized clinical trial,” Journal of Affective Disorders, 184, 13–17.

Trimmer, C., Tyo, R., Pikard, J., McKenna, C., & Naeem, F. (2018). “Low-intensity cognitive behavioural therapy-based music group (CBT-Music) for the treatment of symptoms of anxiety and depression: A feasibility study,” Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 46(2), 168–181.